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雅思大作文常用开头

来源:admin发布时间:2018-12-02

一、什么是雅思大作文:

所谓幸福 Simon是英国曼彻斯特的前雅思考官,由于创办雅思考试学习网站而在全世界的考生中越有名气。其网站上提供大量关于复习雅思的技巧以及颠覆性的建议,甚至还有不少Simon本人亲笔写的满分作文。这些满分作文由于出自英国考官之手,非常地道,言简意赅,和中国考生惯用的千篇一律的模板作文相比,着实让人眼前一亮。小站的Phoebe老师深感有义务要让孩子们接触到真正可以提分的好作文,所以以后会频繁地帮大家整理并总结这些满分作文的精华,相信大家都可以扔掉模板,写出高分作文!



今天帮大家分析的这篇大作文出自剑桥雅思4,很多同学认为这道题目很难

Happiness is considered very important in life.Why is it difficult to define?What factors are important in achieving happiness?

首先,从题目可以看出,这是一篇非辩论类的关于happiness的作文,大家可能平时练习的比较少,缺乏写作素材,这里就帮大家带来很多来自Simon的Ideas:

 Happiness means different things to different people.

 It can be described as a feeling of pleasure or enjoyment.

 People enjoy spending time with family and friends.

 Hobbies, sports and games can be a source of fun and enjoyment.

 Some people see money as a source of happiness.

 Other people define happiness as something deeper.

 They need to feel that they are doing something useful with their lives.

 Some people get a sense of achievement from their work.

 Others find happiness in bringing up their children.

然后,和以往只有一个题目的大作文相比,这道题包含了两个问题,这种题型被Simon叫做two-part question,同时也给出了这种题型的4段式结构:

Use the following 4-paragraph essay structure for this kind of question:

1. Introduce the topic and give an overall answer to both questions

2. Answer the first question

3. Answer the second question

4. Conclude by summarising both answers

和我们前几期讲的大作文结构相比,主体段由Details变成了Answer questions,结尾再总结一下每个答案即可。开头的Introduction段落Simon建议写两句话,引入主题并做出简要回答。来看一下Simon是怎么写的:

It is no doubt true that the majority of people would like to be happy in their lives. While the personal nature of happiness makes it difficult to describe, there do seem to be some common needs that we all share with regard to experiencing or achieving happiness.

大家可以看出,Simon一如既往地用了it is … that名型作为开篇第一句,第二句由while引导,前半句回答了第一个问题:很难定义,后半句引出第二个问题的回答:确实有获得快乐的的办法。

为啥快乐很难定义呢?这种抽象的问题让学生很伤脑筋,还是来看Simon是如何回答的吧:

Why is happiness difficult to define?

Happiness is difficult to define because it means something different to each individual person. Nobody can fully understand or experience another person’s feelings, and we all have our own particular passions from which we take pleasure. Some people, for example, derive a sense of satisfaction from earning money or achieving success, whereas for others, health and family are much more important. At the same time, a range of other feelings, from excitement to peacefulness, may be associated with the idea of happiness, and the same person may therefore feel happy in a variety of different ways.

Simon给出的原因非常convincing:由于个体差异,对快乐感知程度不同,定义则不同;快乐可以和多种感觉有关,如兴奋或平静。大家可以看到,Simon在做解释的时候,时刻不忘举例子,让回答变得更加具体,有说服力。所以小站老师也建议大家多在举例子方面下功夫。



现在贴出完整范文:

It is no doubt true that the majority of people would like to be happy in their lives. While the personal nature of happiness makes it difficult to describe, there do seem to be some common needs that we all share with regard to experiencing or achieving happiness.

Happiness is difficult to define because it means something different to each individual person. Nobody can fully understand or experience another person’s feelings, and we all have our own particular passions from which we take pleasure. Some people, for example, derive a sense of satisfaction from earning money or achieving success, whereas for others, health and family are much more important. At the same time, a range of other feelings, from excitement to peacefulness, may be associated with the idea of happiness, and the same person may therefore feel happy in a variety of different ways.

Although it seems almost impossible to give a precise definition of happiness, most people would agree that there are some basic preconditions to achieving it. Firstly, it is hard for a person to be happy if he or she does not have a safe place to live and enough food to eat. Our basic survival needs must surely be met before we can lead a pleasant life. Secondly, the greatest joy in life is usually found in shared experiences with family and friends, and it is rare to find a person who is content to live in complete isolation. Other key factors could be individual freedom and a sense of purpose in life.

In conclusion, happiness is difficult to define because it is particular to each individual, but I believe that our basic needs for shelter, food and company need to be fulfilled before we can experience it.

(292 words, band 9)

最后来做词汇总结:

the majority of:其反义词组the minority of也要记牢

regard of:关于

individual:个体,个性

derive:重点词汇,在阅读中也很常见,常和step from/come from替换

a range of:重点词组,在听力中也极其常见,常和a variety of/a series of替换

二、雅思大作文的结构:

青少年义务社区工作 Simon是英国曼彻斯特的前雅思考官,由于创办雅思考试学习网站而在全世界的考生中越有名气。其网站上提供大量关于复习雅思的技巧以及颠覆性的建议,甚至还有不少Simon本人亲笔写的满分作文。这些满分作文由于出自英国考官之手,非常地道,言简意赅,和中国考生惯用的千篇一律的模板作文相比,着实让人眼前一亮。小站的Phoebe老师深感有义务要让孩子们接触到真正可以提分的好作文,所以以后会频繁地帮大家整理并总结这些满分作文的精华,相信大家都可以扔掉模板,写出高分作文!



今天要分析的是一篇大作文。题目:

Some people think that all teenagers should be required to do unpaid work in their free time to help the local community. They believe this would benefit both the individual teenager and society as a whole.

Do you agree or disagree?

在写作之前先帮大家带来Simon的一个非常有用的建议。很多学生都会问Simon这样一个问题Is there any specific study order that you recommend?为此Simon给出了非常具体的回答,相信大家看完之后对于写作文不会再一头雾水。以下是他建议的study order:

1. Essay structure and paragraphs

The first thing to do is find an essay structure that works for you. You probably know that I prefer to write 4 paragraphs, and maybe you've seen how I write 2-sentence introductions, 5-sentence main paragraphs and 1-sentence conclusions. Try this: take some essays that you have already written, and rewrite them so that they all have the same number of paragraphs and sentences.

首先要想好文章的Structure。Simon喜欢写4段式——开头两句,主体段落各五句,结尾一句。大家可以尝试将之前写好的作文都重新写成这种结构。

2. Question types

You need to see examples of the four question types, and make sure you know how to answer each type using your preferred essay structure.

平时多看大作文四种类型的范文,亚博题目类型,选用合适的Structure。

3. Planning, and isolated paragraph practice

Take several different questions, and practise planning ideas. Then spend some time focusing only on introductions e.g. write an introduction for five different questions. Then do the same with conclusions. Then try writing different types of main paragraph e.g. an 'advantages' paragraph, an 'opinion' paragraph, a 'problem' paragraph etc.

选一些题目,练习planning ideas.比如可以写五篇不同题目的introduction,或者写不同类型题目的主体段落。

4. Topic ideas

When you are confident that you know how to write an essay, it's time to start working through as many common IELTS writing topics as possible. Even if you don't write a full essay for each topic, you should at least plan some ideas and opinions.

当你足够自信到知道如何写文章的时候,你就可以尽可能多地写各种不同题材的常见写作题目。参考见链接

5. Mistakes, corrections and improvements

Try to find someone who can check your writing, highlight and explain your mistakes, and show you how to improve your essays.

找个能帮你检查作文的小伙伴,能指出错误并告诉你如何改善。

以上就是Simon对于study order的建议,接下大家按照Simon的指示,写一下今天的作文,写好之后可对照范文。



满分范文:

Many young people work on a volunteer basis, and this can only be beneficial for both the individual and society as a whole. However, I do not agree that we should therefore force all teenagers to do unpaid work.

Most young people are already under enough pressure with their studies, without being given the added responsibility of working in their spare time. School is just as demanding as a full-time job, and teachers expect their students to do homework and exam revision on top of attending lessons every day. When young people do have some free time, we should encourage them to enjoy it with their friends or to spend it doing sports and other leisure activities. They have many years of work ahead of them when they finish their studies.

At the same time, I do not believe that society has anything to gain from obliging young people to do unpaid work. In fact, I would argue that it goes against the values of a free and fair society to force a group of people to do something against their will. Doing this can only lead to resentment amongst young people, who would feel that they were being used, and parents, who would not want to be told how to raise their children. Currently, nobody is forced to volunteer, and this is surely the best system.

In conclusion, teenagers may choose to work for free and help others, but in my opinion we should not make this compulsory.

(250 words, band 9)

词汇总结:

on a volunteer basis:on a … basis“以…为基础”,是一个非常常见且好用的词组,如charge on an annual basis以年基础收费,take care of your skin on a regular basis定期护理面部

revision:动词是revise,也常见于阅读,修改,修定

obliging:形容词,乐于助人的;其动词是oblige,意为强迫

resentment:怨恨,可替换hate

compulsory:强制的,Compulsory education义务教育

三、雅思大作文怎么开头:

道路安全 Simon是英国曼彻斯特的前雅思考官,由于创办雅思考试学习网站而在全世界的考生中越有名气。其网站上提供大量关于复习雅思的技巧以及颠覆性的建议,甚至还有不少Simon本人亲笔写的满分作文。这些满分作文由于出自英国考官之手,非常地道,言简意赅,和中国考生惯用的千篇一律的模板作文相比,着实让人眼前一亮。小站的Phoebe老师深感有义务要让孩子们接触到真正可以提分的好作文,所以以后会频繁地帮大家整理并总结这些满分作文的精华,相信大家都可以扔掉模板,写出高分作文!




今天带来一篇大作文,题目是:

Some people think that strict punishments for driving offences are the key to reducing traffic accidents. Others, however, believe that other measures would be more effective in improving road safety. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

从这道题目可以看出,这篇文章是属于大作文四种类型中的Discussion opinion。Simon把大作文分成四种类型,分别是:

Here are the four types of question:

1. Opinion

2. Discussion opinion

3. Problem solution

4. 2-part question

亚博不同类型,大家需要记住的要点是:

1. An 'opinion' question asks for your view, not the views of other people, and you don't have to give both sides of the argument. Just make your opinion clear in the introduction, then explain it in the rest of the essay.

Opinion类是询问你的观点,而不是其他人的观点,所以你不必给出双方论据。只需在Introduction段落中澄清自己的观点,然后在后面解释就可以了。

2. A 'discussion' question requires you to write about both sides of the argument, and you should write a similar amount for each view. If the question also asks for your opinion, you don't need an extra paragraph. Just make it clear in the introduction and conclusion which of the two views you agree with.

Discussion类要求你写出双方观点,双方字数相近,不要偏颇。如果问题中有征询你的意见,你无需另起一段,只需在首尾段中陈述即可。

3. Type 3 is easy. Simply write a paragraph explaining the problem(s) and a paragraph explaining the solution(s). Some questions ask about 'causes' or 'effects': these would be part of the 'problem' paragraph.

Problem Solution类很简单。主体段落只需一段解释问题一段给出解决方案即可。有些问题会问到“起因”或“影响”,这些只需写进“problem”段落。

4. For type 4, just answer the two questions. Write one paragraph about each.

2-part question类,只需主体段每段各回答一个问题即可。

这四种类型都可以用Simon的4段式结构来写,但是不同类型的文章每个段落内容会有所不同。小站老师提醒大家在写作的时候,首先要先看好题目类型,再选择合适的段落结构进行写作。



现在贴出满分范文

People have differing views with regard to the question of how to make our roads safer. In my view, both punishments and a range of other measures can be used together to promote better driving habits.

On the one hand, strict punishments can certainly help to encourage people to drive more safely. Penalties for dangerous drivers can act as a deterrent, meaning that people avoid repeating the same offence. There are various types of driving penalty, such as small fines, licence suspension, driver awareness courses, and even prison sentences. The aim of these punishments is to show dangerous drivers that their actions have negative consequences. As a result, we would hope that drivers become more disciplined and alert, and that they follow the rules more carefully.

On the other hand, I believe that safe driving can be promoted in several different ways that do not punish drivers. Firstly, it is vitally important to educate people properly before they start to drive, and this could be done in schools or even as part of an extended or more difficult driving test. Secondly, more attention could be paid to safe road design. For example, signs can be used to warn people, speed bumps and road bends can be added to calm traffic, and speed cameras can help to deter people from driving too quickly. Finally, governments or local councils could reduce road accidents by investing in better public transport, which would mean that fewer people would need to travel by car.

In conclusion, while punishments can help to prevent bad driving, I believe that other road safety measures should also be introduced.

(269 words, band 9)

词汇总结:

deterrent:阻碍物,英文释意”sth that deters”,deter常和stop作同义替换,意为阻止

licence suspension:执照吊销,重点记忆suspension,意为暂时中止

disciplined: 名词discipline变化来的,英文释意”obeying the rules”,

alert:警觉的,可理解为”watchful”

vitally:至关重要的

investing in:投资于,注意介词搭配in



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